The IITs, IIMs, NITs and Central Universities are among the few higher education institutions to receive more than 10 percent annually of the Union government’s total education expenditure in recent years, with the share rising to 13.8 percent in 2017- 18 This was announced by the Ministry of Education to the Rajya Sabha on Wednesday.
Over the same period, states’ share of the Center’s total education spending has fallen, from 22.9 percent in 2016-2017 to 18.8 percent in 2020-21, according to the response to a question from Trinamool Congressman Jawhar Sircar.
According to the information provided by the Education Minister Subhas Sarkar, the center has allocated Rs 22,529 crore to the central higher education institutions in 2022-23, which was 10.10 percent of Rs 223054 crore, the total funding for education. The states, on the other hand, received Rs 41,984 crore or 18.78 per cent of the funding.
Past allocations show that central higher education institutions received 10.60 percent of total funding for education in 2016-2017; 13.80 percent in 2017-2018; 10.36 percent in 2018-2019; 11.04 percent in 2019-2020; 10.10 percent in 2020-21, marking the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic.
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On the other hand, the resources of the Center for states and their educational institutions in the corresponding period amounted to 22.59 percent of the total allocation in 2016-2017; 23.61 percent in 2017-2018; 22.42 percent in 2018-19 and 2019-20; 18.78 percent in 2020-21.
“While IITs, IIMs, central universities, etc. (a small number of institutions) receive a steady 10 to 11 percent of total central funding for education, all states combined received about 22 percent of central funds. We have to bear in mind that the poor states collectively contributed Rs 5.4 lakh crore, Rs 6.6 lakh crore and Rs 6.96 crore in the past three years for the education sector,” said Sarkar.