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Experts remain sceptical of ethics, as UNESCO emphasises implementation of AI in education in India

While the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has released the State of the Education Report for India: Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Education, industry experts remain skeptical about its ethical implementation. “The battle between privacy, efficiency and effectiveness can be a concern in the implementation of artificial intelligence. Although the data is owned by students according to the recommendations, the question is whether it is safe at the source,” Rajesh Khanna, professor and president of NIIT University told FE Education.

Interestingly, experts believe that AI-based tools can be a source of bias for educators and cause discrimination among students, as it may not take socioeconomic or psychological factors into account during assessment. “For example, if AI-based analysis provides negative feedback to a student, teachers may view the student as a weakling, without understanding the necessary factors,” said Santanu Paul, CEO, MD, TalentSprint. He further added that this may not be able to exploit a student’s unidentified talents.

Since the report further recommends providing a regulatory framework in the field of artificial intelligence in education, experts believe that regulation in an open source environment is difficult. Therefore, it must be controlled at the government level. “The nature of AI products can vary greatly. Therefore, the scheme must be at the government-formulated platform or entry level. That would also keep an eye on the price of the products’, Khanna explains.

Moreover, according to technology-based industry experts, AI-powered products can be used as a capitalization tool for the companies, which may focus more on quantity than quality. “If AI-based educational tools are used to serve the purpose of capitalization, it can affect the quality of education and the assessment of the students,” said Anand Bhushan, CEO of EduCrack. He added that with the implementation of artificial intelligence in education, there must be adequate teacher training to do the same.

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